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In 1703 here is constructed Peter I first wooden summer small house. Later (1710) Peter`s stone palace and other constructions ­(a grotto, a greenhouse, gallery) are constructed­. To 1720 th the modest manor was transformed — to magnificent palace park — the Summer garden with direct avenues, short-haired trees and bosquet, with numerous fountains and marble statues (gardeners of Jan Roozen and Ilya Surmin).

Flooding 1777 has brought to a garden a huge damage: — fountains have been spoilt — and the supply system is destroyed by their water. Later the garden has been re-planned. From the party Neva there was a well-known fencing — a unique monument among this sort of constructions (Ju. M.Felten, Item E. Egorov, 17731784).

Fencing from the Moyka * (architect L.I.Sharleman, 1826) is established — in connection with the journey device on Moyka quay. It is cast on Petersburg by Aleksandrovsk factory.

garden earlier closed for visitors in XIX century became accessible to the population.

in 1826 on a place of the grotto destroyed by flooding (architect M.G.Zem-tsov, 1724) K.I.Rossi has erected "Kofejnyj.domik". In a garden there was a unique — building of Petrovsky time — the Summer palace.

garden has strongly suffered during the Great Patriotic War. Now in its territory (11,7 hectares) is about 3 thousand trees­.

Summer garden sculpture — one of important elements of its art — maintenance. The most part of statues is got Peter I in Italy. Their authors — P.Baratta, A.Taljapetra and others. The sculptural — ensemble is made by portrait busts (Alexander the Great, Mark Avrely, Jan Sobessky, etc.) Numerous statues of characters — of antique mythology and the allegorical figures personifying sciences, arts, time of days, glory and so forth the Statues established against three-leaved mirrors and cut trees with which they made a uniform composition, and nowadays decorate garden avenues.

attention in the Summer garden a monument to fabulist I.A.Krylov ­(sculptor P.K.Klodt, 1855) draws­. The realistic figure of the writer reproduces the — meditation moment.

pedestal from serdobolsky a grey granite is captured by bronze high reliefs with the image of characters of fables (sculptor P.K.Klodt on drawings of artist A.A.Agina).

At a southern input in a garden in 1839 the porphyritic vase delivered from Sweden is established. The vase is made of five parts and together with a pedestal from dark red porphyry reaches almost 5 m.



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