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Main street of St.-Petersburg. On a legend, the city founder — the emperor Peter I has personally designed 3 cores radial perspective, beams dispersing from a building Admiralties. In a XVIII-th century the river Fontanka was city border , now Nevsky prospect was stretched on 4,5 km from Admiralties, to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra (monastery) with a small break on the Revolt (Vosstaniya) Square.

Nevsky prospect — the major highway laid since the first years of the basis of a city at first as a glade in wood for communication with road on Moscow, passing approximately under the present — Lithuanian avenue. In 1710 th a glade have continued to just based Alexander Nevsky Lavra (monastery) on coast Neva, and at crossing — with the Moscow road (where nowadays the Revolt (Vosstaniya) Square) the direct glade from Admiralties — «Nevskaya pershpectiva» has received a break.«Nevskaya pershpectiva» it is fixed by the city map developed«the Commission — about the St.-Petersburg structure»(1737) as extreme radius in system of three highways dispersing from Admiralty: Pea street (street Dzerzhinsky) and the Voznesensky avenue (the avenue of Majorova). To the middle of XVIII century «Nevskaya pershpectiva» becomes the trunk main and on it there are large constructions — Christmas church (on its place nowadays Kazan cathedral), Stroganovsky and Anichkovsky palaces, Gostini dvor. With 1783 is called as the Neva — avenue.

In first third XIX century on the avenue the fine ensembles connected by sites of neutral building«solid facade»were generated. Alternation of architectural accents — ensembles and the prospects — revealing along the rivers of the Moyka and Fontanka, Griboedov`s channel­, streets Big Sea, Duma, Garden, the Vladimir avenue, and pieces of quiet building, do the avenue by an outstanding example — of the town-planning decision of a large city highway.

Initial width of the avenue has remained on an initial site — to the Moyka river.

Neva it was repeatedly planted trees and shrubs. With 1864 on it went conca, with 1907 — a tram (it is removed in post-war years). At Neva — trade concentrated­. Since second half XIX century business life of a city began to concentrate: bank and firm buildings­, trading constructions and profitable houses have been built­. In 1850 th years the railway which has connected Petersburg with Moscow, has received the beginning at the Nevsky prospect where the Moscow station has been built and the area near the station at a crossroads of the Neva and Lithuanian avenuees is created. — Station occurrence — has strengthened value Neva as business highway of a capitalist — city.

In building of the avenue from Admiralties to the river Fontanka (borders — of a city till XIX century) Lines of style of classicism into — which general — background buildings of the eclectic characteristic with lines of modernist style (the book House, Comedy theatre «rush») dominate­. The site of the avenue from Fontanka to the Revolt (Vosstaniya) Square was generated in second half XIX century, and its architecture has motley character.

extent of the avenue from Admiralties to Alexander Nevsky`s area ­- 4,5 km. Width — from 25 to 60 m.

strongly damaged during the Great Patriotic War, the avenue — in 1950 has undergone th years to labour-consuming restoration during which time a — number of buildings has been cleared away from the stratifications deforming their original form­. The avenue has been arranged well.

In the beginning 90, during rough transition from the developed socialism by underdeveloped capitalism, Neva has not avoided a fate of the majority of avenuees and there was all hung advertising and extensions. Local authorities praise that in the form of an order extensions have been cleaned also advertising is strictly limited.



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