Moscow Square is the largest in St. Petersburg

13 photo with description
Moscow Square is the largest in St. Petersburg, its area is 4 hectares, and together with two squares in the north and south - 8 hectares.

Panorama of Moscow square photo - St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg
Panorama of Moscow Square . In the 1930s, it was planned to move the city center to the south, one of the reasons for this decision was constant floods .

House of Soviets photo - St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg




House of Soviets - 1936 - 1941 years of construction (architect N. Trotsky) and a monument to Lenin, erected in 1970 - the centenary of the birth of the Leader (sculptor: Anikushin Mikhail Konstantinovich, architect: Kamensky Valentin Alexandrovich). Ilyich is 16 meters high - the tallest monument in St. Petersburg.
Monument to Lenin among the people - "dancing Lenin". A sculptural group above the colonnade on the theme of socialist construction (sculptor N.V. Tomsky).

Sculptural group on the theme of socialist construction (sculptor N.V. Tomsky)
Sculptural group on the theme of socialist construction (sculptor N.V. Tomsky The coat of arms of the RSFSR (sculptor I. Krestovsky) and a fragment of the bas-relief of the House of Soviets. Source: magazine "Architecture of Leningrad" No. 6 1940. The inscription under the cartouche "The USSR is a socialist state of workers and peasants" disappeared, apparently, after the adoption of the Brezhnev constitution of 1977, when the USSR formally became "a socialist nation-wide state expressing the will and interests of workers, peasants, intellectuals, working people of all nations and nationalities of the country."

Coat of arms of the RSFSR and a fragment of the bas-relief of the House of Soviets
Coat of arms of the RSFSR and a fragment of the bas-relief of the House of Soviets

122-mm gun A-19 in caponier
122-mm gun A-19 in caponier. Plans to move the city center here were thwarted by the war. During the Blockade military units of the 42nd army were based here. The northern part of the House of Soviets was occupied by missilemen, signalmen and scouts of the Baltic Fleet, and their observation post was located in the turret. In the left courtyard of the building there was also the Katyusha division, whose personnel occupied part of the basements and the first floor.

Camouflaged KV-1 tank, October 1941
Camouflaged KV-1 tank, October 1941.

Central entrance to the House of Soviets
Central entrance to the House of Soviets

Cartridge above the main entrance
Cartridge above the main entrance

Cartridge on the back of the building
Central entrance to the House of Soviets. Cartouche over the main entrance. There was also some kind of inscription on it, but I could not find any. On the back of the building there are 3 cartouches and are also empty. The communists loved to rewrite history, first deleting the victories of Suvorov and everything connected with Tsarist Russia, then Trotsky, then Stalin... And after the collapse of the USSR, the liberals began to delete the Bolsheviks. The experience of many generations of bureaucrats. One of the war pillboxes is preserved behind the building. Here it is closer. Another bunker is located on the side of Moskovsky Prospekt. The buildings on Moskovsky Prospekt are designed in the style and scale of the House of Soviets.

Back of the House of Soviets


Pillbox near the House of Soviets



Pillbox near the House of Soviets

Pillboxes near the House of Soviets photo - Details
Pillbox (military) near the House of Soviets

Moscow avenue
In 2006, various fountains were built on the square in front of the House of Soviets, which completed the formation of Moscow Square. Tomsky planned the square as a front, but since the relocation of the city administration structures did not take place, organizing a leisure place for the townspeople was a completely justified decision.

An interesting fact: episodes of the film "Bunker" were filmed in the House of Soviets, in which Hitler received his generals. Well, besides the idea of ​​transferring the city center, for example, Comrade Kirov, proposed blowing up the Winter Palace and the Peter and Paul Fortress, on the site of which a stadium should be built.

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Themes: architecture 28  empire style 3  monument to Lenin 4  Moskovsky avenue 2  photos 395  St.-Petersburg 111  









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